In addition to plant material, porcupines crave salt and are attracted to objects that have salty human sweat on them, such as ax handles, boat oars, etc. Porcupine Feeding. Porcupines do not normally quill intruders without advanced notice. Because porcupines are very short-sighted they must rely on sharp hearing and a keen sense of smell. Although porcupines do not hibernate during the winter, they remain in their dens during especially cold or inclement weather. Unfortunately, most of the porcupines I’ve happened on have been road kills. These New World porcupines usually weigh between 12 and 35 pounds, with full body lengths of between 25 and 36 inches. They do step out to forage for food. They tend to be more active at night, making them nocturnal creatures. In the winter it can be tough for them to find such foods. One young is born 7 months after fall mating. It is solitary by nature but may den with other porcupines in the winter. Further, they are excellent swimmers and tree climbers. They are generally solitary but sometimes den in groups. Their movements are decreased in winter and may be hindered by deep snow, but they also may find their way closer to humans as they seek shelter from the cold, denning in abandoned buildings or camps. These animals must find food in order to survive, and do so in a number of ways. Porcupines are mammals. Some use is made of dens in winter. Reproduction and Development . Throughout the year they do most of their feeding and moving about at dusk, during the night, and at dawn. They don’t hibernate but they may stay in their den for a long time when the weather is terrible. Although porcupines do not hibernate during the winter, they remain in their dens during especially cold or inclement weather. The general coat coloration for North American porcupines is black or deep brown. Also, their quills, which are similar to our fingernails made of keratin, can regrow once lost. It may build a nest but also might den in a hollow log or tree, rock ledge, abandoned burrow of another animal, under a stump or blown down tree, or even under a building. That being said, a majority of porcupine species are found in more tropical regions, making their winters less harsh. In Pennsylvania, the state game commission instituted a hunting season on porcupines a few … Porcupines do not hibernate. Torpor is a state of reduced body temperature and metabolic rate, like a ‘lethargic sleep’. • Some hedgehogs hibernate, but most do not. However, skunks remain inactive for short periods during winter mostly during the day. All porcupines are particularly attracted to vegetable gardens, fruit trees, etc. Porcupines are good tree climbers. i have heard that they hibernate in the tops of pine trees and am questioning whether this is true ^ Because porcupines primarily target wood, most people are unaware how much they like succulent plants. In Pennsylvania, the state game commission instituted a hunting season on porcupines a few … Hedgehogs are born in large litters, but porcupines are born in litters as small as one sometimes and their period of gestation is several weeks longer. Porcupines do not hibernate and are active throughout the year. The Porcupine is classified as a herbivore. They do not hibernate and are active all winter, though they seldom travel far from their dens when the ground is covered with snow. Winter dens are rarely used in summer. Many people consider porcupines to be a nuisance because of the damage they cause to trees and wooden structures. In Pennsylvania, the state game commission instituted a hunting season on porcupines a few years ago. Porcupines are very active creatures. They do, however, burrow in trees, caves and small spaces near food sources with a group of other porcupines during winter. Instead, they’ll sleep for long hours but venture out a few times during the cold days to find food. Slow-moving porcupines are vulnerable to automobiles and fires. During that period of time they will consume tree bark. They have hard pads on their paws and long sharp claws so they can get a good grip on a tree trunk. Porcupines are solitary in summer. This love of salt often leads them to roadsides where salt has been spread. These mammals can mostly subsist on berries, leaves, twigs, and tree bark. (Porcupine) Habitat. Their affinity for bark is the reason they are most often found in forested areas. North American porcupines are some of the biggest rodents that come from North America, beaten out in size solely by beavers, according to the Woodland Park Zoo. During the warm months, a porcupine may choose a large deciduous tree—often an oak—as a daytime rest site. They … Porcupines are primarily nocturnal, feeding and traveling during darkness. Both of these creatures have very different habitats. In the winter, they eat primarily evergreen needles and the inner bark of trees. Porcupines do not hibernate in winter or otherwise. They do not hibernate. Porcupines cannot shoot them at predators as once thought, but the quills do detach easily when touched. They do not hibernate, but may share wintering quarters with other porcupines, in caves, covered depressions, hollowed out logs and trees, and similar places. Porcupines are nearsighted and slow-moving. However, most porcupines don’t hibernate. There are currently no species listed as endangered, though some species don't have enough data to come to decision on its status. Porcupines can really blow our minds. However, they sleep more regularly and remain close to their dens and shacks come winter. Porcupines love rose bushes, pansies, lily pads, all types of berries, corn, and several other garden favorites. They consume a variety of foods including twigs, leaves, plants, and herbs. Porcupines are fond of salt, and will sometimes chew on wooden objects that have been exposed to sweat, such as canoe oars or axe handles. Why is a bear considered a light Hibernator? The porcupine does not wander far from its home. And no, it doesn’t hibernate and yes, they can bite! The porcupine does not hibernate, but will stay in dens during bad weather. It soon walks and climbs, is weaned within 10 days, and leaves its mother by fall. Porcupines do not hibernate. Porcupines make a variety of vocalizations and sounds with the teeth, some which can be heard at considerable distance. They lean toward more leafy edibles during the summer months, and various woody edibles, including buds and bark, during the … Breeding takes place in late summer and early fall, with one baby born in late April or May. Do Porcupines shoot their quills? Porcupines cannot shoot quills. They are particularly active during the fall, which is their breeding season. Winter has a great influence on many animals. Porcupines do not hibernate, and are found active even in cold climates. Porcupines are not a protected species in West Virginia. They are vegetarians. Skunks do not fully hibernate, they enter a dormant state called “Torpor”. Rabbits and deer are often blamed for this damage when many times it is being done by porcupines. Their muzzles are large and rounded. Porcupine babies, called porcupettes, are not born with sharp or barbed quills. In summer, they forage and nap high up in the trees. During the night, they forage for food. Many animals once thought to hibernate, including bears, really only enter a lighter sleep-state called torpor. They are also nocturnal rodents that sleep during the day and feed during the night. Adults have up to 39,000 quills. In Pennsylvania, porcupines are preyed upon by fishers, and to a lesser extent, foxes, coyotes, bobcats, dogs and owls. They are mainly active at night (nocturnal); on summer days, they often rest in trees. Others seek shelter down below the frost line, where they lower their metabolism, and either hibernate or go into a deep sleep, some waking periodically to feed on food they stored in the fall. Unlike some other Maine wildlife, porcupines do not hibernate and will remain active throughout the year. Porcupines are solitary in summer. Frequently Asked Questions How can porcupines be a nuisance to people? Porcupines will communicate when they are feeling threatened by vocalizing, displaying their quills and clattering their teeth. Since porcupines do not hibernate, they can be a nuisance year round. Porcupines are nearsighted and slow-moving. Porcupines are not a protected species in West Virginia. 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