Preferred Scientific Name Eleusine indica Preferred Common Name goose grass … [4] ICRISAT promotes cover crops and crop rotations to disrupt the growing cycle of the weeds. f., Fl. Eleusine indica is a non-native grass commonly found in disturbed sites throughout Florida (Wunderlin, 2003). This has disadvantages, such as reduced storage time of the flour due to the high oil content. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Eleusine indica (L.)Gaertn. Finger millet has a good malting activity. Die etwa zehn Arten sind fast weltweit verbreitet, mit Verbreitungsschwerpunkt im tropischen Afrika. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn., Fruct. 1789; Hook. Eleusine africana (Kenn.-O'Bryne), Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn, Eleusine floccifolia (Spreng), Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn, Eleusine intermedia (Chiov.) Crowsfoot grass (Eleusine indica) is widely naturalised in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, the Northern Territory and Western Australia. in Himalaya region). The malted finger millet can be used as a substrate to produce for example gluten-free beer or easily digestible food for infants.[4]. Plants Common name: Indian Crowfoot Grass, Indian goosegrass, Wiregrass, Crowfootgrass • Hindi: Malankuri, Balraja, ... Botanical name: Eleusine indica Family: Poaceae (Grass family) Synonyms: Cynosurus indicus, Eleusine japonica. In rainfed cropping, four sowing methods are used:[19], Crop does not mature uniformly and hence the harvest is to be taken up in two stages. After this drying, threshing and cleaning as after the first harvesting. Common name :Goose grass. (S.M.Phillips), Eleusine jaegeri (Pilg. [11][12] Finger millet blast can be controlled with cultural measures, chemical treatments, and the use of resistant varieties. It is also made in the form of pancakes with chopped onions and tomatoes. The flour is consumed with milk, boiled water, or yogurt. In addition, intercropping with legumes, such as cowpea or pigeon pea, are also quite common in East Africa. Brit. is an accepted name The Plant List Paragis is a local common name shared by (1) Eleusine indica, wire grass (2) Paspalum … The straw from finger millet is used as animal fodder. The pathogen leads to drying out of leaves, neck rots, and ear rots. ex A.Rich), Eleusine semisterilis (S.M.Phillips) and Eleusine tristachya (Lam.) Eleusine japonica Steud. ... Narasimhan, D., Ravikumar, K. & Rao, M.L.V. Discover Nature at JCU NQ Weeds by scientific name A-P Eleusine Species: indica Family: Poaceae Life Cycle: Annual Country Or Region Of Origin: Africa, Asia Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Weed Growth Rate: Rapid … In the tribal and western hilly regions of Odisha, ragi or mandiaa is a staple food. It is an invasive species in some areas. Common Names. Habit. Eleusine coracana, or finger millet, is an annual herbaceous plant widely grown as a cereal crop in the arid and semiarid areas in Africa and Asia. The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), a member of the CGIAR consortium, partners with farmers, governments, researchers and NGOs to help farmers grow nutritious crops, including finger millet. [4] The long storage capacity makes finger millet an important crop in risk-avoidance strategies as a famine crop for farming communities.[4]. silver crabgrass. wiregrass. The majority of worldwide finger millet farmers grow it rainfed, although yields often can be significantly improved when irrigation is applied. Ragi is called koozh – a staple diet in farming communities, eaten along with raw onions and green chillies. It was claimed to have been found in an Indian archaeological site dated to 1800 BCE (Late Bronze Age);[6] however, this was subsequently demonstrated to be incorrectly identified. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. In northwest Vietnam, finger millet is used as a medicine for women at childbirth. Nonetheless, finger millet blast, caused by the fungal pathogen Magnaporthe grisea (anamorph Pyricularia grisea), can locally cause severe damages, especially when untreated. [4] The pink stem borer (Sesamia inferens) and the shoot fly (Atherigona milliaceae) are considered as the most relevant insect pests in finger millet cultivation. In southern India, on pediatrician’s recommendation, finger millet is used in preparing baby food, because of millet’s high nutritional content, especially iron and calcium. We acknowledge Australian Aboriginal People and Torres Strait Islander People as the first inhabitants of the nation, and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students live, learn and work. Eleusine distans Link Eleusine distans Moench Eleusine domingensis Sieber ex Schult. Millet flour is 9% water, 75% carbohydrates, 11% protein, and 4% fat (table). Assamese. [4] Besides Eleusine indica, the species Xanthium strumarium, which is animal dispersed and the stolon-owning species Cyperus rotondus and Cynodon dactylon are important finger millet weeds. 1,255 results for SPECIES: Eleusine indica placeholder The search results include records for synonyms and child taxa of placeholder ( link placeholder ). Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. In Andhra Pradesh, ragi sankati or ragi muddha – ragi balls – are eaten in the morning with chilli, onions, and sambar. In the Malnad region of Karnataka, the whole ragi grain is soaked and the milk is extracted to make a dessert known as keelsa. Ragi malt porridge is made from finger millet which is soaked and shadow dried, then roasted and ground. Indian Crowfoot Grass is an annual tufted grass. [11] In East and Southern Africa, the closely related species Eleusine indica (common name Indian goose grass) is a severe weed competitor of finger millet. Seeds of E. indica are edible and are sometimes used as a famine food, but yields are low.It is an important weed of cultivated crops, lawns, and golf courses. [10] Measures to control Sesamia inferens are uprooting of infected plants, destroying of stubbles, having a crop rotation, chemical control with insecticides, biological measures such as pheromone traps, or biological pest control with the use of antagonistic organisms (e.g. How Eleusine Indica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Interpreting Wetland Status. Nevertheless, finger millet is found to be grown at 30°N in the Himalaya region (India and Nepal). Especially in early growing stages of the crop and the weed and when broadcast seeding instead of row seeding is applied (as often the case in East Africa), the two species are very difficult to distinguish. A type of flat bread is prepared using finger millet flour (called ragi rotti in Kannada) in Northern districts of Karnataka. Eleusine indica, Goosegrass, Yard Grass, Indian Goose-grass. ; Eleusine japonicaSteud. The seeds should be sown about 3 cm deep in the soil. In India, finger millet is a typical rabi (dry-season) crop. The development of commercial mechanical milling systems for finger millet is challenging. Different studies confirmed that Eleusine coracana was originated from E. indica and E. floccifolia genomes and selected for cultivation from its wild type E. Africana. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3823 plants and 23,997 images. Kezhvaragu is used to make puttu with jaggery or sugar. In the Garhwal and Kumaon region of Uttarakhand, koda or maddua is made into thick rotis (served with ghee), and also made into badi, which is similar to halwa but without sugar. manienie ali'i. Other vernacular names Diagnostic characters Biology Ecology and distribution Nuisance Weed control Botany Uses/Remark References Finger millet blast can also infest finger millet weeds such as the closely related E. indica, E. africana, Digitaria spp., Setaria spp., and Doctylocterium spp. Facilitates organic weed management due to better distinction of weed and crop. [15] The most economically feasible and environmentally friendly control measure would be to develop and use Striga-resistant cultivars. Eleusine indica. The oldest record of finger millet comes from an archaeological site in Africa dating to the 8th century AD. Its ability to bear waterlogging is limited, so good drainage of the soils and moderate water-holding capacity are optimal. There are various food recipes of finger millet, including dosa, idli, and laddu. [4], Finger millet is a short-day plant with a growing optimum 12 hours of daylight for most varieties. Seedlings with 4 weeks age should be transplanted in the field. Moistening the millet seeds prior to grinding helps to remove the bran mechanically without causing damage to the rest of the seed. - POACEAE- Monocotyledon. Each spike approximately 4-15 cm long. This makes finger millet a weak competitor for light, water, and nutrients compared with weeds. Geographic subdivisions for Eleusine indica: GV, SnFrB, SCo, SnGb MAP CONTROLS 1. It is also widespread in Florida where it is commonly found in cultivated fields, turf, pastures, landscapes, orchards, roadsides, and other disturbed sites. In Karnataka, finger millet is generally consumed in the form of a porridge called ragi mudde in Kannada. Sturmiopsis inferens). B. S. Walters. This is the common method because it is the easiest way and no special machinery is required. Drilling in rows: Seeds are sown directly in the untreated soil by using a direct-seed drill. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Goose Grass Eleusine indica Grass family (Poaceae) Description: Goose Grass is a summer annual about ½–2' tall that is tufted at the base, sending up multiple ascending culms with alternate leaves. A minority use finger millet flour to make alcohol. Its main growing area ranges from 20°N to 20°S, meaning mainly the semiarid to arid tropics. When the earhead on the main shoot and 50% of the earheads on the crop turn brown, the crop is ready for the first harvest. Hence, it can be cultivated on higher elevations than most tropical crops. Fermented millet is used to make a beer chhaang and the mash is distilled to make a liquor (rakśiशी). Botanical name: Eleusine indica Family: Poaceae (Grass family) Synonyms: Cynosurus indicus, Eleusine japonica Indian Crowfoot Grass is an annual tufted grass. This is the famed kali or keppai kali. Furthermore, it can tolerate soil salinity up to a certain extent. crowsfoot grass. Some sources report a storage duration up to 50 years under good storage conditions. Eleusine domingensis Sieber ex Schult.. Eleusine glabra Schumach.. Eleusine gonantha Schrank. Crab Grass, Fowl-foot Grass, Goosegrass, Crow foot grass/ Crab grass. The flour is made into a fermented drink (or beer) in Nepal and in many parts of Africa. It also occurs in plantations and nurseries. Originally native to Eurasia, goosegrass is widely distributed in the United States. Mudde is prepared by cooking the ragi flour with water to achieve a dough-like consistency. Leveling and watering of beds is required during transplanting. Finger millet can be kept for up to 10 years when it is unthreshed. - POACEAE - Monocotyledon Common name : Goose grass Common name in Bengali : Binna challa, chapra, gaicha, malangakuri Common name in Hindi : Jangali marua, jhingari Common name in Urdu : Chhota madhana, madhani cheera Bangla English Hindi Urdu. Relative to other species (pearl millet and sorghum), finger millet has a higher tolerance to cool temperatures. Cultural methods could be sowing in rows instead of broadcast sowing to make distinction between finger millet seedlings and E. indica easier when hand weeding. Ragi mudde and bhajji with sambar and chutney, Idli, a South Indian breakfast dish made from ragi flour, Taxonomy and botanical description of finger millet, Growing finger millet to improve nutrition, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Phenotypic Diversity of Nepalese Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) Most of the leaves are located toward the base of the culms. Agriculture Technology and Adoption Centre, Association of Australian University Secretaries, Australian Quantum & Classical Transport Physics Group, Centre for Tropical Bioinformatics and Molecular Biology, Choosing Plants for Areas Prone to Cyclones, Reptiles and amphibians by scientific name, Wollumbinia latisternum (syn. Whole grain millet is fermented to make tongba. In Kerala, puttu, a traditional breakfast dish, can be made with ragi flour and grated coconut, which is then steamed in a cylindrical steamer. This helps their communities have more balanced diets and become more resilient to pests and drought. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. The culms are green, glabrous, and somewhat flattened; they are mostly hidden by the sheaths. Eleusine ist eine Pflanzengattung innerhalb der Familie der Süßgräser (Poaceae). For children, ragi is also fed with milk and sugar (malt). Eleusine indica - POACEAE. The mini millet mill can also be used to process other grains such as wheat and sorghum. ), Eleusine kigeziensis (S.M.Phillips), Eleusine multiflora (Hochst. Finger millet can be ground into a flour and cooked into cakes, puddings or porridge. [8][9], Main cultivation areas are Eastern and Southern African countries (Uganda, Kenya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Sudan, Tanzania, Nigeria and Mozambique) and Southern Asia (mainly India and Nepal). Eleusine indica Common name(s) Crowsfoot Grass Flower colour; life form Grass, tufted from 15-100 cm tall. Foto n. 117061 - pé-de-galo (Eleusine indica) Voucher 050406 14 at Moku Mana north, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Eleusine gouinii E.Fourn. At the first harvest, all earheads that have turned brown should be cut. [11], Finger millet is generally seen as not very prone to diseases and pests. [10], Finger millet pests are bird predators, such as quelea in East Africa. Wetland Status. It is the staple diet of many residents of South Karnataka, especially in the rural areas. Chloris repens Steud.. Cynodon indicus (L.) Raspail. Elseya latisternum), Lygisaurus foliorium (syn. Striga, a parasitic weed which occurs naturally in parts of Africa, Asia, and Australia, can severely affect the crop and yield losses in finger millet and other cereals by 20 to 80%. 2. goosegrass. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. It is also naturalised in the southern parts of South Australia, in the ACT, on several offshore islands (i.e. In East and Southern Africa, the closely related species Eleusine indica (common name Indian goose grass) is a severe weed competitor of finger millet. List of various diseases cured by Eleusine Indica. Finger millet can grow on various soils, including highly weathered tropical lateritic soils. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Eleusine indica is closely related to Eleusine coracana (finger millet or African finger millet), and the diploid E. indica is likely an ancestor of the allotetraploid E. coracana.. Heat tolerance of finger millet is high. For example, the Harnessing Opportunities for Productivity Enhancement of Sorghum and Millets in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia (HOPE) project is increasing yields of finger millet in Tanzania by encouraging farmers to grow improved varieties. Ragi is also used to make roti, idli, dosa and conjee. In the Kumaon region of northern India, ragi is traditionally fed to women after child birth. The Plants Database includes the following 3 species of Eleusine . [4], Finger millet is native to the Ethiopian and Ugandan highlands. When finger millet is germinated, enzymes are activated, which transfer starches into other carbohydrates such as sugars. California [citation needed]. It grows in many moist areas and is tolerant of heavy human disturbance. [20] Ragi is dried, powdered, and boiled to form a thick mass that is allowed to cool. is an accepted name The Plant List Paragis is a local common name shared by (1) Eleusine indica, wire grass (2) Paspalum scrobiculatum, kodomillet. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Cynosurus indicus . Broadcasting: Seeds are directly sown in the field. Another method to process the finger millet grain is germinating the seed. It is also eaten as a soup (kurrakan kenda) and as a sweet called 'Halape'. [11] Chemical measures can be direct spraying of systemic fungicides, such as the active ingredients pyroquilon or tricyclazone or seed dressings with fungicides such as trycyclozole.[11][13]. [14] Striga can be controlled with limited success by hand weeding, herbicide application, crop rotations, improved soil fertility, intercropping and biological control. Scientific Name Eleusine indica ← → Other Common Names: crow's foot. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The second harvest is around seven days after the first. For early Rabi and Kharif season, seedlings should be transplanted at 25 cm x 10 cm and for late Kharif season at 30 cm x 10 cm. Common name in Bengali :Binna challa, chapra, gaicha, malangakuri. Eleusine distans Moench. [4] Finger millet can tolerate moderately acidic soils (pH 5), but also moderately alkaline soils (pH 8.2). In Nepal, a thick dough (ḍhĩḍo) made of millet flour (kōdō) is cooked and eaten by hand. Other Latin names: Cynosurus indicusL. This process is also called malting and is very common in the production of brewed beverages such as beer. For Ugandan finger millet varieties, for instance, the optimal average growth temperature ranges at about 27 °C, while the minimal temperatures should not be lower than 18 °C. [11] Measures to control weeds include cultural, physical, and chemical methods. Transplanting the seedlings: Raising the seedlings in nursery beds and transplant to the main field. 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