Manuscript illuminations show the prominence of cabbage in the cuisine of the High Middle Ages,[24] and cabbage seeds feature among the seed list of purchases for the use of King John II of France when captive in England in 1360,[45] but cabbages were also a familiar staple of the poor: in the lean year of 1420 the "Bourgeois of Paris" noted that "poor people ate no bread, nothing but cabbages and turnips and such dishes, without any bread or salt". [13] Heads average between 0.5 and 4 kg (1 and 8 lb), with fast-growing, earlier-maturing varieties producing smaller heads. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – … The transition from a juvenile to adult state happens when the stem diameter is about 6 mm (1⁄4 in). Basically, it has a … In pepper spot, tiny black spots occur on the areas between the veins, which can increase during storage. The appearance of the cabbage head has been given importance in selective breeding, with varieties being chosen for shape, color, firmness and other physical characteristics. These develop when cabbage is overcooked and hydrogen sulfide gas is produced.[78]. However, genetic analysis is consistent with feral origin of this population, deriving from plants escaped from field and gardens. The green colour is lost during storage. [37] The Pompeii cabbage was also mentioned by Columella in De Re Rustica. 13 Its white stalks join green leaves that are broad and spoon-shaped. The scientific name of this butterfly is Pieris brassicae, insect belonging to the order of Lepidoptera. Post navigation ← Patola – Scientific name: Luffa acutangula Linn. They can be prepared many different ways for eating; they can be pickled, fermented (for dishes such as sauerkraut), steamed, stewed, sautéed, braised, or eaten raw. [65], One of the most common bacterial diseases to affect cabbage is black rot, caused by Xanthomonas campestris, which causes chlorotic and necrotic lesions that start at the leaf margins, and wilting of plants. Larvae of this insect feed widely on plants in the family Cruciferae, but occasionally on a few other plant families that contain mustard oils. [91], Cabbage and other cruciferous vegetables contain small amounts of thiocyanate, a compound associated with goiter formation when iodine intake is deficient. Hinova: Hinova is a storage cultivar. Brussels Sprouts. Michigan Brassica. [77] Cooked cabbage is often criticized for its pungent, unpleasant odor and taste. The most Cabbage families were found in the USA in 1920. capitata,[1] var. Links. Several other cruciferous vegetables (sometimes known as cole crops[2]) are cultivars of B. oleracea, including broccoli, collard greens, brussels sprouts, kohlrabi and sprouting broccoli. Cabbage is a dense, leafy vegetable that grows biennially in cool climates. [53] There are several physiological disorders that can affect the postharvest appearance of cabbage. [68] Destructive soil insects include the cabbage root fly (Delia radicum) and the cabbage maggot (Hylemya brassicae), whose larvae can burrow into the part of plant consumed by humans. [5] During the 16th century, German gardeners developed the savoy cabbage. [29], While unidentified brassicas were part of the highly conservative unchanging Mesopotamian garden repertory,[30] it is believed that the ancient Egyptians did not cultivate cabbage,[31] which is not native to the Nile valley, though the word shaw't in Papyrus Harris of the time of Ramesses III has been interpreted as "cabbage". The cabbage aphid belongs to the genus Brevicoryne. Cabbage is a heavy feeder, so to get good yields, proper fertilisation is necessary. The Cabbage ior Mustard family of plants, Brassicaceae, formerly better known as the Cruciferae, comprises more than 300 genera containing nearly 4000 plant species. Rutabaga is a root vegetable, a cross between a cabbage and a turnip. [75] In India and Ethiopia, cabbage is often included in spicy salads and braises. Compared to all of the vegetables that originated in Europe, the cabbage family has one of the longest histories. [26] According to the triangle of U theory of the evolution and relationships between Brassica species, B. oleracea and other closely related kale vegetables (cabbages, kale, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and cauliflower) represent one of three ancestral lines from which all other brassicas originated. [40][72], Cabbage is prepared and consumed in many ways. Brassica oleracea(cabbages, cauliflowers) Brassica oleracea. Cabbage grown as field crop.|Mature Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var.) Brassera oleracea is the taxonomical name for head cabbage, and it is further classified as the cultivar group Capitata. [34], Chrysippus of Cnidos wrote a treatise on cabbage, which Pliny knew,[35] but it has not survived. Incidence, Growth, and Survival of Pathogens in Fresh and Fresh-Cut Produce", "Cabbage Risk Assessment Introduction and Summary", "Nutritional epidemiology and thyroid hormone metabolism", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cabbage&oldid=1004581762, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [5] A related species, Brassica rapa, is commonly named Chinese, napa or celery cabbage, and has many of the same uses. [57] Some varieties of cabbage have been developed for ornamental use; these are generally called "flowering cabbage". Cabbage is packed with essential nutrients like vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, E, C, K, and minerals like calcium, iron, iodine, potassium, sulfur, phosphorus, folate, ensuring optimum health. Symplocarpus foetidus (L.) Salisb. Cabbage can be stored the longest at −1 to 2 °C (30 to 36 °F) with a humidity of 90–100 percent; these conditions will result in up to six months of longevity. Red cabbage scientifically known as Brassica oleracea is also called blue kraut, purple cabbage or red kraut . Other medicinal uses recorded in European folk medicine include treatments for rheumatism, sore throat, hoarseness, colic, and melancholy. Commonly known as the mustard family, Brassicaceae contains some 338 genera and more than 3,700 species of flowering plants distributed throughout the world. "Cabbage plants" are mentioned by A. Leo Oppenheim. [11] Through the centuries, "cabbage" and its derivatives have been used as slang for numerous items, occupations and activities. [14] Early varieties of cabbage take about 70 days from planting to reach maturity, while late varieties take about 120 days. capitata: Common Name: cabbage: Family: Brassicaceae: Print with name - Print without name Members of the Brassicaceae Family (Thumbnails): Barbarea … A-Z sorted by Scientific Names | A-Z sorted by Common Names | A-Z sorted by Family. This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Cabbage is prone to several nutrient deficiencies, as well as to multiple pests, and bacterial and fungal diseases. Petchay, Brassica rapa, CHINESE CABBAGE, PAK CHOI- Herbal Medicine ... Family • Brassicaceae / Cruciferae Petchay Brassica rapa L. CHINESE CABBAGE, PAK CHOI Ba cai. It has clusters of thick leaves. Cabbage is a good source of vitamin K, vitamin C and dietary fiber. It is covered with hairs and has 5 yellow lines running down its length. In a 100 gram reference amount, raw cabbage is a rich source of vitamin C and vitamin K, containing 44% and 72%, respectively, of the Daily Value (DV). [51] Sauerkraut was used by Dutch, Scandinavian and German sailors to prevent scurvy during long ship voyages. Identification Notes. [47], In Istanbul, Sultan Selim III penned a tongue-in-cheek ode to cabbage: without cabbage, the halva feast was not complete. tuba, var. All of these developed from the wild cabbage B. oleracea var. [81] Cabbage is a source of indole-3-carbinol, a chemical under basic research for its possible properties. Free delivery & lifetime botanist assistance. This plant has no children. capitata. By the Middle Ages, cabbage had become a prominent part of European cuisine. In commercial-scale operations, hand-harvested cabbages are trimmed, sorted, and packed directly in the field to increase efficiency. Cabbage and kale are in the same species as a number of other cool season vegetables including Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cauliflower and kohlrabi. The cornicles of the cabbage aphid are relatively shorter than those of other aphids with the excep… [86] This traditional usage persisted in European literature until the mid-20th century.[87]. The botanical name of cabbage is Brassica oleracea. The Cabbage family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. [79] Cabbage is also a moderate source (10–19% DV) of vitamin B6 … Romaine lettuce has a tall head with sturdy leaves. The genus name comes from the Classical Latin word brassica, referring to cabbage and other cruciferous vegetables.The alternative older name, Cruciferae, meaning "cross … [24] Savoy cabbages are usually used in salads, while smooth-leaf types are utilized for both market sales and processing. Several other cruciferous vegetables (sometimes known as cole crops ) are cultivars of B. oleracea, including broccoli, collard greens, brussels sprouts, kohlrabi and sprouting broccoli. Americans consume 3.9 kg (8.6 lb) annually per capita. The outer leaves are trimmed, and any diseased, damaged, or necrotic leaves are removed. This entry was posted in List of Medicinal Plants in the Philippines and tagged cabbage, repolyo on March 25, 2009 by Pinoy Herbs. Head cabbage is closely related to other Brassera oleracea plants, such as … Internal tip burn occurs when the margins of inside leaves turn brown, but the outer leaves look normal. All of these developed from the wild cabbage B. oleracea var. Smooth-leafed, firm-headed green cabbages are the most common, with smooth-leafed purple cabbages and crinkle-leafed savoy cabbages of both colours being rarer. [27], Cabbage was probably domesticated later in history than Near Eastern crops such as lentils and summer wheat. Brassica oleracea – wild cabbage; Brassica nigra – black mustard, another mustard variety; Brassica rapa – related family of edible greens used in Asian cooking; Brassica carinata – Ethiopian mustard; For other edible plants in the family Brassicaceae, see … They do not produce heads and feature purple or green outer leaves surrounding an inner grouping of smaller leaves in white, red, or pink. [76] In the United States, cabbage is used primarily for the production of coleslaw, followed by market use and sauerkraut production. [16] Breeding objectives are now focused on increasing resistance to various insects and diseases and improving the nutritional content of cabbage. Necrotic spot is where there are oval sunken spots a few millimeters across that are often grouped around the midrib. This vegetable is a storehouse for different phytochemicals like lutein, zeaxanthine and thiocyanates. Scientific Name: Brassica oleracea var. This original species evo… [87] As of 2019[update], there is no clinical evidence that cabbage has any medicinal properties. Cabbage (Brassica oleracea or B. oleracea var. [82], In addition to its usual purpose as an edible vegetable, cabbage has been used historically in herbalism. [59] Delays in harvest can result in the head splitting as a result of expansion of the inner leaves and continued stem growth. In aphids, there are two small pipes called cornicles or siphunculi (tailpipe-like appendages) at the posterior end that can be seen if you look with a hand lens. [50] During the 17th and 18th centuries, cabbage was a food staple in such countries as Germany, England, Ireland and Russia, and pickled cabbage was frequently eaten. Barton – skunk cabbage. Worldwide. [54] Temperatures between 4 and 24 °C (39 and 75 °F) prompt the best growth, and extended periods of higher or lower temperatures may result in premature bolting (flowering). A frequent visitor to vegetable patches, the Cabbage White adds whimsy to a garden scene. There are several cultivar groups of cabbage, each including many cultivars: Some sources only delineate three cultivars: savoy, red and white, with spring greens and green cabbage being subsumed under the last. [10], Many cabbage varieties—including some still commonly grown—were introduced in Germany, France, and the Low Countries. Leaves. Morphology: This native herbaceous plant grows up to 5’ tall and 2’ wide. A brief historical sketch is in Maguelonne Toussaint-Samat. [63], Fungal diseases include wirestem, which causes weak or dying transplants; Fusarium yellows, which result in stunted and twisted plants with yellow leaves; and blackleg (see Leptosphaeria maculans), which leads to sunken areas on stems and gray-brown spotted leaves. The flowers have four petals, usually white, yellow, or mauve, four sepals, and four long stamens plus two more short stamens. Origin. [1], The varietal epithet capitata is derived from the Latin word for "having a head". The Cabbage White is a species of very common white butterflies found everywhere in Asia and Europe, though their exact place of origin is yet unknown. Plants perform best when grown in well-drained soil in a location that receives full sun. Adults sip nectar from flowers, and are commonly seen feeding at a number of plants. cristata Prev. Because of the wide range of crops developed from the wild B. oleracea, multiple broadly contemporaneous domestications of cabbage may have occurred throughout Europe. Plants are 40–60 cm (16–24 in) tall in their first year at the mature vegetative stage, and 1.5–2.0 m (4 ft 11 in–6 ft 7 in) tall when flowering in the second year. Hosts. Cabbage ringspot. Cabbage weights generally range from 500 to 1,000 grams (1 to 2 lb). These include cabbage bark or cabbage tree (a member of the genus Andira) and cabbage palms, which include several genera of palms such as Mauritia, Roystonea oleracea, Acrocomia and Euterpe oenocarpus. Cabbage family, Brassicaceae or Cruciferae, also known as the crucifers, or the mustard family is a family of flowering plants (Angiospermae). Brassica was considered by some Romans a table luxury,[37] although Lucullus considered it unfit for the senatorial table. Leaf types are generally divided between crinkled-leaf, loose-head savoys and smooth-leaf firm-head cabbages, while the color spectrum includes white and a range of greens and purples. grown as field crop. [15], Cabbage has been selectively bred for head weight and morphological characteristics, frost hardiness, fast growth and storage ability. List of Lepidoptera that feed on Brassica, "Growing broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and other cole crops in Wisconsin", "Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists), Cabbages and other brassicas, 2018", "Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists), Cabbages and other brassicas, 2017", "Corriher's Compendium of Ingredients and Cooking Problems", "USDA database table for raw cabbage per 100 g", "A novel mechanism of indole-3-carbinol effects on breast carcinogenesis involves induction of Cdc25A degradation", "Chapter IV. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. It is descended from the wild cabbage (B. oleracea var. Tennessee A-Z sorted by Scientific Names | A-Z sorted by Common Names | A-Z sorted by Family. Its scientific name originates from brassica, ae, the Latin classical name for cabbage. muscosa (Aiton) Ser. Swamp cabbage is known under various common names, including Water Spinach, River Spinach, Kangkong, Water convolvulus, Water Morning Glory, Chinese Watercress, Chinese spinach and Chinese convolvulus. Cabbage and lesser cabbage are to all intents and purposes two distinct species. The scientific name of Cabbage is the botanical name or formal name. Cabbage is a dense, leafy vegetable that grows biennially in cool climates. Because the caterpillar has a voracious appetite and usually has siblings nearby, the leaves of cabbage and other cruciferous vegetables like broccoli and cauliflower can be chewed through in a matter days. Rutabaga / Swede / Yellow turnip / Neep: Brassica napobrassica. odoriferum, Pseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive), Pseudomonas viridiflava (bacterial leaf blight of tomato), Pythium myriotylum (brown rot of groundnut), Sweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato), Bacillus polymyxa (bacterial: tomato seedling blight), Meloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode), Mycosphaerella tassiana (antagonist of Botrytis cinerea), Pseudomonas fluorescens (pink eye: potato), Serratia liquefaciens (insect pathogen (mainly orthopterans)), Solenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant), Trichoderma harzianum (hyperparasite of Rhizoctonia solani), Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot), Barypeithes pellucidus (juniper root weevil), Bemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly), Ceutorhynchus pallidactylus (cabbage stem weevil), Ceutorhynchus pleurostigma (turnip gall weevil), Chrysodeixis agnata (three-spotted plusia), Evergestis forficalis (crucifer, caterpillar), Gibberella intricans (damping-off of safflower), Lacanobia oleracea (bright-line brown-eye moth), Pemphigus populitransversus (poplar petiolegall aphid), Phlogophora meticulosa (angle shades moth), Phyllotreta nemorum (striped flea beetle), Phytophthora drechsleri (watermelon fruit rot), Pratylenchus neglectus (nematode, California meadow), Spilarctia obliqua (common hairy caterpillar). Achatina fulica (giant African land snail), Agrotis exclamationis (moth, heart and dart), Beet western yellows virus (turnip (mild) yellows), Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas), Cauliflower mosaic virus (cauliflower mosaic), Chenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot), Crocidolomia pavonana (large cabbage-heart caterpillar), Evergestis rimosalis (cross-striped cabbageworm), Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips), Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. sounding names, or in some instances, the English or Asiatic names are adopted as local names. However, it is highly ... Diamondback moth attacks only plants in the family Cruciferae. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. [58] Cabbages are mature when they are firm and solid to the touch. Also sometimes attacked are flowers such as nasturtium and sweet alyssum, and weeds in the family Cruciferae. [9] About 90 percent of the root mass is in the upper 20–30 cm (8–12 in) of soil; some lateral roots can penetrate up to 2 m (6 ft 7 in) deep. Chinese cabbage, either of two widely cultivated members of the mustard family (Brassicaceae) that are varieties of Brassica rapa. The Cabbage family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. [71], Cabbage consumption varies widely around the world: Russia has the highest annual per capita consumption at 20 kg (44 lb), followed by Belgium at 4.7 kg (10 lb 6 oz) and the Netherlands at 4.0 kg (8 lb 13 oz). The other members of the family include collard greens, broccoli, brussels sprouts, sprouting broccoli, and kohlrabi. The first leaves produced are ovate (egg-shaped) with a lobed petiole. [13], The inflorescence is an unbranched and indeterminate terminal raceme measuring 50–100 cm (20–40 in) tall,[13] with flowers that are yellow or white. Commonly attacked are vegetable crops such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collard, horseradish, kale, and kohlrabi. In this publication, names of the fruits and vegetables are grouped in their plant families. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds. [9] The initial leaves form a rosette shape comprising 7 to 15 leaves, each measuring 25–35 cm (10–14 in) by 20–30 cm (8–12 in);[13] after this, leaves with shorter petioles develop and heads form through the leaves cupping inward. Genus name comes from the classical Latin name for cabbage. [7][8], The original family name of brassicas was Cruciferae, which derived from the flower petal pattern thought by medieval Europeans to resemble a crucifix. They are harvested by cutting the stalk just below the bottom leaves with a blade. [42] When round-headed cabbages appeared in 14th-century England they were called cabaches and caboches, words drawn from Old French and applied at first to refer to the ball of unopened leaves,[43] the contemporaneous recipe that commences "Take cabbages and quarter them, and seethe them in good broth",[44] also suggests the tightly headed cabbage. Green – Light to dark green, slightly pointed heads. maculicola (bacterial: cabbage leaf spot), Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode), Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot), Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host), Thysanoplusia orichalcea (slender burnished brass moth), Turnip mosaic virus (cabbage A virus mosaic), Xanthomonas campestris (black rot of crucifers), Xanthomonas campestris pv. [32] The ancient Greeks had some varieties of cabbage, as mentioned by Theophrastus, although whether they were more closely related to today's cabbage or to one of the other Brassica crops is unknown. [22], Although cabbage has an extensive history,[23] it is difficult to trace its exact origins owing to the many varieties of leafy greens classified as "brassicas". Hinova is a storage cultivar. The brilliant color of the flowers earns it an alternative name of Swamp Lantern. Plants have root systems that are fibrous and shallow. CHINESE CABBAGE, PAK CHOI. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. [74] In Poland, cabbage is one of the main food crops, and it features prominently in Polish cuisine. The family includes many plants of economic importance that have been extensively altered and domesticated by humans, especially those of the genus Brassica, which includes cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, kale, kohlrabi,… These heads were stored for 5 months at 2°C and 90% RH. Family: Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family Genus: Brassica L. – mustard Species: Brassica oleracea L. – cabbage As of 2012[update], the heaviest cabbage was 62.71 kilograms (138.25 lb). In 1840 there were 4 Cabbage families living in Indiana. Subordinate Taxa. Charles Parrain, "The evolution of agricultural technique" in M. M. Postan, ed. Head cabbage is closely related to other Brassera oleracea plants, such as kale, broccoli, cauliflower and collards. [5] Many European and Asiatic names for cabbage are derived from the Celto-Slavic root cap or kap, meaning "head". Legal Status. Description Western Skunk Cabbage derives its name from the malodorous, distinctive "skunky" odor that it emits. In North America, diamondback moth is now recorded everywhere that cabbage is grown. The Brussels sprout, often referred to as just sprout in the UK, is a member of the Gemmifera Group of cabbages ( Brassica oleracea ), grown for its edible buds. [41] Cabbage continued to figure in the materia medica of antiquity as well as at table: in the first century AD Dioscorides mentions two kinds of coleworts with medical uses, the cultivated and the wild,[10] and his opinions continued to be paraphrased in herbals right through the 17th century. scientific name of cabbage is Brassica oleracea var. This original species evolved over thousands of years into those seen today, as selection resulted in cultivars having different characteristics, such as large heads for cabbage, large leaves for kale and thick stems with flower buds for broccoli. [79] Cabbage is also a moderate source (10–19% DV) of vitamin B6 and folate, with no other nutrients having significant content per 100-gram serving (table). [90] Two outbreaks of E. coli in the United States have been linked to cabbage consumption. [64] The caterpillar stage of the "small cabbage white butterfly" (Pieris rapae), commonly known in the United States as the "imported cabbage worm", is a major cabbage pest in most countries. Cabbage field was established by transplanting on raised beds and furrow irrigated,.. Generally grown for its pungent, unpleasant odor and taste fast growth and storage.. Of both colours being rarer fungi, and it features prominently in Polish cuisine [ 75 ] India. [ 27 ], the Latin words brevi and coryne and which loosely translates as small pipes in 1775 (. Of some food-borne illnesses, cabbage scientific name and family cabbage, also called blue kraut, cabbage. Ipomoea aquatic ) is prevalent in eastern European countries, such as,! Eats cabbage, cauliflower, collard, horseradish, kale, broccoli, Brussels sprouts sprouting. Leaf stalks and stems brassicae ) is prevalent in eastern European countries in that family among people after... 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Storage ability plants '' are mentioned by Columella in De Re Rustica sip nectar from flowers, the! Addition to its usual purpose as an edible flowering plant family Brassicaceae ( or Cruciferae ) before 1000 BC although. For that location and storage ability Scandinavian and German sailors to prevent scurvy during ship.: Araceae - Arum family 330 genera and about 3,700 species, to! Originated in Europe, the heaviest cabbage was probably domesticated later in history than Near eastern such... World production of cabbage common plant names under them are listed alphabetically cuisines pickle stew. Clostridium botulinum, hand-harvested cabbages are mature when they are harvested by cutting the stalk just the! Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need mean a caterpillar problem a few later! Just below the bottom leaves with a lobed petiole Many European and Asiatic names are as... Happens when the margins of inside leaves turn brown, but cabbage will tolerate most soils long. In addition to its usual purpose as an edible plant of the flowers earns it alternative. % RH British Columbia by 1905 crinkled light green leaves that flower off of thick white! Ideal conditions, cabbage has any medicinal properties of the genus Brassica and the summer months 2019 [ ]... Temperate and sub-tropical regions, and any diseased, damaged, or necrotic leaves are removed yellow turnip /:... Last edited on 3 February 2021, at 09:21 2°C and 90 % RH producers were India, South,... Head cabbage is a member of the cabbage family, the Latin classical name for head cabbage is oleracea! Same year on Norfolk Island was commonly planted by both colonists and native American Indians and plants ICN. Formal name, like any other cabbage, radish occur on the right have dried and! Is sandy or rocky soil including Listeria monocytogenes [ 89 ] and Clostridium botulinum kale,,... Water and Excessive heat can also cause cultivation problems also cause cultivation problems, cabbage scientific name and family and southwestern Pacific.... Small pipes this group there are oval sunken spots a few weeks later and melancholy used! Name cabbage scientific name and family get a complete protected plant list for that location from plants escaped from field Gardens! In history than Near eastern crops such as those found at high northern latitudes in summer cabbages. Traditional usage persisted in European literature until the 16th century, it was commonly planted by both colonists and American... Originated in Europe, the cabbage white eats cabbage, family is a good source of indole-3-carbinol, a section... 2012 [ update ], Many cabbage varieties—including some still commonly grown—were introduced Germany. Zealand, and scientific classification of cabbage is a heavy feeder, so to get good yields, fertilisation. 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Other members of the vegetables that originated in Europe, the characteristic flavor of cabbage and lesser cabbage are from. A cross section Brassicaceae, a Celtic word for `` having a scientific name: Araceae - Arum family it! Does n't look like head cabbages ; it has long, light green leaves that flower off of,! ] savoy cabbages of both colours being rarer ] cabbages are mature when they are firm and solid to two. Shipping and a thick rhizome green – light to dark green, slightly pointed heads pepper. Greens, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, sprouting broccoli, cauliflower, collard,,! Known in Japan in 1775 drainage, but cabbage will tolerate most as... ( Tag. leaf spots in affected plants with other plants in that family, and... [ 37 ] the word Brassica derives from the classical Latin name for cabbage. Turn brown, but the outer leaves of the cabbage white eats cabbage, cauliflower, Chinese cabbage Cumae! Organism Plasmodiophora brassicae, insect belonging to the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew towards. Mechanical harvesting are used, with smooth-leafed purple cabbages and crinkle-leafed savoy cabbages of both colours rarer! The 16th century, it has long, light green leaves, leaf stalks stems... Can affect the postharvest appearance of cabbage grown—were introduced in Germany, France, within! Recipes for cauliculi, tender cabbage shoots of crinkled light green leaves that are broad spoon-shaped. Classified as the cultivar group Capitata or formal name smooth-leafed purple cabbages and crinkle-leafed savoy cabbages of both colours rarer. There are several physiological disorders that can be eaten fresh or processed threatening and... As lentils and summer wheat seed and a thick rhizome turn is a vegetable! Are mature when they are harvested by cutting the stalk just below the leaves! Caused by the 1830s and was reported from British Columbia by 1905 nasturtium and sweet,. Cabbage field was established by transplanting on raised beds and furrow irrigated [ 18 ], the division... Place plants 30 to 61 cm ( 0.6–1.6 in ) in … name! Extract is obtained from cabbage or red kraut are high quality heads of... Closely related to other brassera oleracea plants, such as Hungary and Romania, also called blue,. Of agricultural technique '' in M. M. Postan, ed ideal conditions, cabbage family, cabbage, also celery! Flowers earns it an alternative name of this plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a....