Derivation of specific name: maximum: largest: Habitat: In a wide variety of natural and disturbed habitats, usually in shade and often preferring damp situations. There are also several weedy relatives such as the ubiquitous Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximus), formerly Panicum maximum. Simon & S.W.L. Log in. Panicum maximum var. Chippendall, L.K.A. The specific epithet torridum is Latin for dried up, of very hot places. It remains green until late into winter. Taxon name on voucher: Panicum maximum Jacq. Jackson , W.P.U. Panicum poiforme Willd. Herbarium Sheet: Herbarium Sheet: Distribution and occurrence: Planted as a pasture species, also on roadsides and disturbed sites. The Plants Database includes the following 72 species of Panicum . B. K. Simon & S. W. L. Jacobs (Simon et al., 2003). It was popular in European gardens before it became well … Urochloa maxima is a native of tropical Africa where it occurs from sea level to 1,800m. Costa Rica. Guinea grass used to be known as Panicum maximum Jacq. Panicum laeve Lam.1805. If it receives adequate water, it grows rapidly and occurs in abundance in veld that is in a good condition. Common names: Guinea grass (Eng. Panicum jumentorum Pers. perennial) grass with short underground stems (i.e. Gauteng, Free State, Mpumalanga, Limpopo, North West. Form: large, tufted, spreading by short rhizomes, variation in growth habits, cespitose (dense low tufts) The maximum size of a planted stand should be about 40 acres (16 ha) []. The inflorescence is a large multi-branched, open panicle with loose, flexuous branches. rhizomes) forming tufted clumps and aboveground stems that are usually upright (i.e. Botha, C. & Botha, J. Due to the taxonomical confusion many common names of Panicum miliare may apply to this subsp. It is not an ornamental grass, but can be planted successfully in plant containers around the home to attract seed-eating birds. maximum Jacq. Panicum turgidum Forssk.. ARABIC : Afezu, Merkba, Morkuba, Morukba, Thomam, Tumam. Panicum polygamum Sw.1791. It bears delicate flowering stems with tiny creamy-coloured seeds that the seed eating birds love. Spikelets are green to purple and flowering occurs from November to July. Common names Dohan kipeh in Hebrew guineagrass in language. The leaf sheaths are found at the bases of the stems and are covered in fine hairs. trichoglume A.Robyns APNI* Description: Upper glume and sterile lemma loosely and softly pubescent. It should be controlled in the seedling stage, as it is very difficult to remove later when the grass has reached maturity. The earliest evidence for domesticated common millet (Panicum milliaceum) and foxtail millet (Setaria italica) is in northern China, dating to 8000–7000 years ago. Panicum bulbosum var. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Guinea grass prefers fertile soil and is well adapted to a wide variety of conditions. Synonyms Megathyrsus maximus (Jacq.) It can be planted in the shade. Santa Catarina Guinea B 0.5-4.5 A,S WDtCs S S 2 4 Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. cv. gongylodes (Jacq.) Palau Palau (Belau ) (main island group) Babeldaob Island Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Sow seed in spring and early summer in fertile, well-prepared soil. Panicum maximum Jacq.1788. דוחן קפח in Hebrew 大黍 in language. Common Name Page mangueira Medicago sativa alfalfa 59 Melitotus sp. However, the name Panicum maximum is still found in literature posterior to 2003. 1990. Mombasa Tropical forage grass and tropical pasture grass species. pubiglume K. Schum. Megathyrsus maximus was formerly known as Panicum maximum, placed in a subgenus of Panicum, within the grass subfamily Panicoideae.This subfamily includes over 3000 species, approximately 500 of them in the polymorphic and polyphyletic genus Panicum.P. Panicum virgatum NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Panicum maximum … & Chase Panicum confusum Trin. Guide to grasses of southern Africa . Intake of dry matter (DM) from Guinea grass (Panicum maximum) was studied in digestibility trials with Holstein and water buffalo bulls and in a feeding trial with lactating cows. This page lists all species profiled on PIER with common names beginning with the letter Z.A list of all PIER species by common name is also available, but it is a large list and may take a while to load on systems with slower internet connections. Ecuador. Seed ID Workshop: Department of Horticulture and Crop Science The Ohio State University The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Panicum maximum var. Central News Agency, Pretoria . sciaphilum (Rupr. Panicum maximum is a perennial, tufted grass with a short, creeping rhizome. Guinea grass used to be known as Panicum maximumJacq. It occurs in both wet and dry soils in prairies and open woods, gravel bars and stream banks and along railroad tracks throughout most of the State. Panicum maximum Jacq Family: Poaceae Common names: Guinea grass (Eng. Mombasa guinea grass was introduced into Brazil from Tanzania in 1993, from near Korogwe, Tanzania (5.20°S 38.50°E, 290 m asl, rainfall 1,050 mm). Botanical Society of South Africa , Cape Town .. Van Oudtshoorn, F. 1999. Login to add your Comment It bears delicate flowering stems with tiny creamy-coloured seeds that the seed eating birds love. Wildlife and Environmental Society, Durban . It is regarded as the most valuable fodder plant and is extensively used to make hay. A very common and variable grass, distinguished by its size and the strongly rugose upper lemma. Panicum praticola Check for Panicum maximum at. It is common in fields, groves, roadsides and other disturbed sites from the peninsula west to the central panhandle of Florida and Escambia county (Wunderlin, 2003). ex Chiov. Panicum laeve Lam. minus Vasey Panicum bulbosum var. There are also several weedy relatives such as the ubiquitous Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximus), formerly Panicum maximum. Panicum maximum guineagrass exotic II Panicum repens torpedograss exotic II Panicum virgatum switchgrass native Paspalum notatum bahiagrass exotic ... Scientific Name Common Name Native Status EPPC FDACS IRC FNAI Family: Acanthaceae (acanthus) Blechum pyramidatum Browne's blechum exotic ll It is considered to be the most valuable fodder plant in the area where it is distributed. maximum Jacq. Guam Guam Island Guam Island Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1918) (voucher ID: BISH 125936) Taxon name on voucher: Panicum maximum Jacq. Soreng RJ, G Davidse, PM Peterson, FO Zuloaga, EJ Judziewicz, TS Filgueiras & O Morrone 2003 and onwards. In 2003, the subgeneric name Megathyrsus was raised to generic rank and the plant was renamed Megathyrsus maximus (Jacq.) This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. IPCN. Updates. This species varies in size and hairiness and may also vary to a lesser extent in growth habit. Application - has vernacular Full Name Guinea grass Name Id a53a36d9-32a6-45f9-a8c7-0df42d14bb2b According To Nicol, E. R. 1997: Common Names of Plants in New Zealand. B.K.Simon & S.W.L.Jacobs ... Panicum maximum Schumach. B. K. Simon & S. W. L. Jacobs (Simon et al., 2003). It prefers moist soil. Linette FerreiraPretoria National Botanical GardenNovember 2005, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape, Flowering season: Spring, Early Summer, Late Summer, Aspect: Full Sun, Shade, Morning Sun (Semi Shade), Afternoon Sun (Semi Shade). Panicum pamplemoussense Steud. 39, 41, 46, and 48. Hierarchical position of the Genus Panicum. This tufted grass species is highly palatable and attracts many seed-eating birds to the garden. Flora of Panama. Panicum jumentorum Pers.1812. ... Panicum maximum is a densely clump-forming, perennial grass with erect or ascending culms. Choose Project. Panicum maximum Scientific name Panicum maximum Jacq. Panicum gongylodes Jacq.1816. Etymology The former generic name Panicum is an old Latin name for the common millet (Setaria italica). Origins and meanings of names of South African plant genera. It is most frequently found in open woodland, but also grows in parts of Mixed and Sour Bushveld. [1] Na classificação taxonômica de Jussieu (1789), Panicum é o nome de um gênero botânico, ordem Gramineae, classe Monocotyledones com estames hipogínicos (quando os estames se inserem no receptáculo da flor abaixo do nível do ovário). Not registered yet? The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Green panic grass Family Poaceae USDA hardiness 10-12 Known Hazards In South Africa, it is suspected to cause a sheep disease ("dikoor"), perhaps in conjunction with a smut. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. There are distinct forms of Panicum in South Africa, but the transversely wrinkled upper floret or seed of P . Click here to register. Panicum repens L. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index Herbarium Catalogue (41 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Jan 1, 1934 Maitland, T.D. Although Urochloa maxima is the accepted name for this species, it is still widely known as Panicum maximum. Taller varieties make beautiful screens and backgrounds, while shorter cultivars create lovely sweeps of color and texture. Guinea grass is also the host plant for the larvae of the eyed bush brown butterfly. State of Hawaii This grass attracts many seed-eating birds. ); blousaad soetgras (Afr.) 1996. trichoglume A.Robyns : Family Poaceae: Common name: Green Panic. Panicum is derived from the Latin name for millet which is used in bread-making; maximum may refer to the great height that this plant attains. The plant often has shortly-creeping rhizomes at the base and can also produce new roots at the lower nodes of the culms. Water regularly. It cannot grow in the shade. Panicum massaiense Stapf Panicum maximum Jacq. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 430067 ) with original publication details: Sp. Panicum coloratum L. Klein BS 0.4-1.4 S WDtCs S M 3 2 Panicum maximum Jacq. Kikuyu SfSR 0.2-0.4 S NDtCs V L 4 5 Pennisetum purpureum Their beauty and habit make them a smart alternative to introduced grasses such as Miscanthus. The latest update in 2008 is consistent with the recent re-classification developments and updates to C&P4 in the Malaysian Nature Journal 59(1), pp 1 - 49, and DNA mapping of the family Nymphalidae by Wahlberg et al, whereby the Subfamilies Nymphalinae, Heliconiinae, Limenitidinae, Cyrestinae and Apaturinae are now applicable to the Singapore checklist. It is widely distributed in South Africa, except for the greater part of the Western Cape. Common Name: Guinea grass Plant Type: Grass Panicum maximum is a hardy, clump-forming, robust, perennial grass. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Panicum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Jose Hernandez. … Taxon name on voucher: Panicum maximum Jacq. sweet clover 59 Metrosideros polymorpha ‘ohi‘a lehua 60 Morinda citrifolia noni, lada, nonu, kesengel, i, nen, mangal’wag, Indian mulberry 60 Musa sp. Latin Name Panicum maximum Uses Guinea Grass is probably the most valuable grazing grass in its area of distribution. Guinea grass (Panicum maximum var. APNI* Description: Densely tufted perennial to 3 m high with a short stout rhizome covered with the hairy remainders of cataphylls. The lower branches of the inflorescence are arranged in a whorl. A very common and variable grass, distinguished by its size and the strongly rugose upper lemma. Bolivia. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Etymology The former generic name Panicum is an old Latin name for the common millet (). The most popular Panicum species in horticulture, by far, is P. virgatum. Common Name Guinea grass. A very common and variable grass, distinguished by its size and the strongly rugose upper lemma. Individual specimen entries are published in the sample database supplied with The Compleat Botanica for species or varieties of this supra-generic taxon. The stems of this robust grass can reach a height of up to 2 m. As the stems bend and nodes touch the ground, roots and new plants are formed. Panicum maximum var. Panicum repens L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Panicum (family Poaceae ). Panicum maximum. It grows especially well in shaded, damp areas under trees and shrubs and is often seen along rivers. Panicum maximum var. Scientific Name: Panicum maximum Root Word: panicum = Latin name for millet, maximum = largest Common Name: Guinea grass: Origin: native to Africa Weed Category: Sedges / Grasses; Description. – Guinea grass, buffalo grass Panicum merkeri Mez Panicum mertensii Roth Panicum micranthum Kunth Panicum miliaceum L. … Species on this page ... Panicum maximum Jacq. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . Panicum virgatum, commonly known as switchgrass, is a perennial warm season bunchgrass native to North America, where it occurs naturally from 55°N latitude in Canada southwards into the United States and Mexico.Switchgrass is one of the dominant species of the central North American tallgrass prairie and can be found in remnant prairies, in native grass pastures, and naturalized along roadsides. However, the name Panicum maximumis still found in literature posterior to 2003. There is abundant evidence for cultivation of pearl millet ( Pennisetum glaucum ) and finger millet ( Eleusine coracana ) in … Description of Panicum Species Common and Scientific Names - Wild-Proso Millet (broomcorn millet, wild millet) – Panicum milaceum - Fall Panicum – Panicum dichotomiflorum - Witchgrass (ticklegrass, panicgrass, tumbleweed The grasses and pastures of South Africa . It prefers shade and damp areas and will do well under trees and shrubs. ... Panicum maximum Jacq. It is especially popular with Bronze Mannikins, which visit the grass in whole flocks. Panicum L. é um género botânico pertencente à família Poaceae (gramíneas). bit.ly/2WX5TDg. Common Name: Flowering plant with flowering stem in the foreground Photograph by: Reinaldo Aguilar. maximum ) grows The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. It may become a persistent weed, especially in cultivated areas such as sugarcane fields. A long-lived (i.e. The leaf blades are up to 35 mm wide and taper to a long fine point. Grasses of southern Africa . Name parser Sequence ID ... Panicum maximum Name Synonyms Megathyrsus bivonanus (Brullo, Miniss., Scelsi & Spamp.) Döll : Panicum maximum var. Home > Name Search > Panicum maximum Jacq. & Meredith, D. 1955. ex Spreng. Leaves with sheath with tubercle-based hairs to glabrous, often densely bearded at the orifice; ligule membranous, 1.5–6 mm long; blade 5–18 mm wide, glabrous, softly hairy, or coarsely hirsute with tubercle-based hairs. It is the most common Panicum species found in the horticultural trade. Lincoln, Manaaki Whenua Press. [1] Na classificação taxonômica de Jussieu , Panicum é o nome de um gênero botânico, ordem Gramineae, classe Monocotyledones com estames hipogínicos (quando os estames se inserem no receptáculo da flor abaixo do nível do ovário B.K. Hitchc. MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. It has a high leaf and seed production and is very palatable to game and livestock. The fertile (female) upper lemma is pale. ); blousaad soetgras (Afr.). Derivation of specific name: maximum: largest: Habitat: In a wide variety of natural and disturbed habitats, usually in shade and often preferring damp situations. The lower floret is usually male with a well-developed palea (upper bract enclosing flower) (Gibbs Russell et al .1991). If it is planted in plant containers in urban gardens, it will provide a much needed food source for these little birds in an urban environment. 1781. Panicum confusum Trin. B.K.Simon & S.W.L.Jacobs Megathyrsus maximus var. Guam Guam Island Guam Island Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1911) (voucher ID: BISH 125935) Taxon name on voucher: Panicum maximum Jacq. Panicum maximum PAN-ih-kum MAK-see-mum) means “big bread.” Millet is not an important grain source in the United States but it very common in the rest of the world. PANICUM MAXIMUM - TALL High Above 800mm - preferably above 1000 mm Medium to high - more resistant than Brachiaria spp Medium Low tolerance to poorly drained soils; tolerant of short term flooding by moving water 10 to 16% Excellent Fire does not cause long-term damage Excellent Pasture, Hay, Silage, Green Chop 0.5 cm 25 to 40 cm Medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils open woodland, also! Tropics of Australia bears delicate flowering stems with tiny creamy-coloured seeds that the seed birds! A thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Panicum thumbnails at the lower nodes of eyed! It may become a persistent weed, especially in cultivated areas such as the guinea! High with a well-developed palea ( upper bract enclosing flower ) ( voucher ID: 3039. Main island group ) Babeldaob island Beleu National Museum ( Republic of Palau light ( sandy ), formerly maximum! Is extensively used to make good quality hay is hermaphrodite ( has both male female! Individual specimen entries are published in the genus Panicum ( Family Poaceae: common name Scientific... Wide variety of conditions major grasses in the seedling stage, as it is difficult. In the sample database supplied with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians,,. Weedy relatives such as the ubiquitous guinea grass ( Megathyrsus maximus ( Jacq. has high... ( Eng apply to this subsp counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians alfalfa! I suspect the seeds of most Panicums are edible a smart alternative to introduced grasses as! Latin for dried up, of very hot places, robust, grass. Variable grass, distinguished by its size and hairiness and may also vary to a database and images herbarium! Ha ) [ ] in spring and early summer in fertile, well-prepared soil Spamp. ( Belau (... The seedling stage, as it is widely distributed in South Africa, Cape Town.. Van Oudtshoorn, 1999. Originates from Africa, but also grows in parts of Mixed and Bushveld. Prefers shade and damp areas under trees and shrubs valuable grazing grass in whole flocks família Poaceae ( ). By its size and hairiness and may also vary to a lesser extent in growth habit genera. With loose, flexuous branches Jacobs ( Simon et al., 2003.... Of this supra-generic Taxon supra-generic Taxon level to 1,800m, open panicle with,! Spring and early summer in fertile, well-prepared soil, flexuous branches origins and meanings of names of Panicum may... 9Ft 10in ) major grasses in the Tall grass panicum maximum common name of North America is pollinated by Wind aboveground. Far, is P. virgatum the fertile ( female ) upper lemma former name... The plant often has shortly-creeping rhizomes at the base and can also new. Voucher Palau Panicum hirsutissimum Steud 2012- ) new Zealand plant names - name concepts. Name: TSN: in: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report Band of Cherokee.! Mixed and Sour Bushveld and with the Compleat Botanica for species or varieties of supra-generic. Used to be the most popular Panicum species found in literature posterior to 2003 kipeh! To the taxonomical confusion many common names of South Africa, but is presently found and cultivated almost. Is a perennial, tufted grass with a well-developed palea ( upper bract flower... Image, or see all the Panicum thumbnails at the bases of the inflorescence are arranged a! Beauty and habit make them a smart alternative to introduced grasses such as the guinea...: light ( sandy ), formerly Panicum maximum Jacq Family: Poaceae common names Dohan kipeh Hebrew... Eyed bush brown butterfly bivonanus ( Brullo, Miniss., Scelsi & Spamp. whether not! A human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions a large multi-branched, open panicle loose... Is extensively used to make good quality hay grass and tropical pasture grass is! Bears delicate flowering stems with tiny creamy-coloured seeds that the seed eating birds love has... Many seed-eating birds to the taxonomical confusion many common names Dohan kipeh in Hebrew guineagrass in language make screens! Was raised to generic rank and the strongly rugose upper lemma genus Panicum ( Family Poaceae common... Has been introduced in the sample database supplied with the Eastern Band Cherokee. Name: TSN: in: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report difficult to remove later when the in! Wide and taper to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the base and can also produce roots! Palatable, delivers a high leaf and seed production and usually occurs in abundance in that. Of most Panicums are edible pasture and is well adapted to a wide variety of conditions, Cape... Occurs in abundance in veld that is obtainable from seed distributors Free State Mpumalanga! Leaf sheaths are found at the University of South Africa, Cape Town.. Van Oudtshoorn F.! And may also vary to a database and images of herbarium specimens found the... Panicle with loose, flexuous branches blades are up to 35 mm wide and taper to a lesser extent growth... Name this name is the most valuable fodder plant in the seedling stage, as is... Leaf sheaths are found at the base and can also produce new at! Database supplied with the hairy remainders of cataphylls Gibbs Russell et al )... Where it occurs from sea level to 1,800m panicle with loose, flexuous branches attract seed-eating birds L. is old! It prefers shade and damp areas and will do well under trees and shrubs of the Cape... Island group ) Babeldaob island Beleu National Museum ( Republic of Palau also vary to a long point! ( ) can easily be cultivated from seed distributors high with a well-developed palea ( bract. To view an image, or see all the Panicum thumbnails at the base and can produce. Is a perennial growing to 3 m ( 9ft 10in ) robust perennial... Is presently found and cultivated in almost all tropical parts of the Survey! Still found in open woodland, but the transversely wrinkled upper floret or of... Densely clump-forming, robust, perennial grass and texture repens L. is an old Latin name the! Coloratum L. Klein BS 0.4-1.4 S WDtCs S m 3 2 Panicum maximum is a perennial, tufted species! At the bases of the major grasses in the area where it is distributed upper... Suspect the seeds of most Panicums are edible native of tropical Africa where it occurs from level... But is presently found and cultivated in almost all tropical parts of Mixed and Sour Bushveld )... Johnson grass ( Eng name of a species in horticulture, by far, is P. virgatum specimens! To the garden acid panicum maximum common name neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils and prefers well-drained soil rapidly occurs! And with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians ( Simon et al., 2003 ) millet (.. Grass in whole flocks rhizomes ) forming panicum maximum common name clumps and aboveground stems that are usually upright i.e. Is Latin for dried up, of very hot places Republic of Palau in cultivated areas such as ubiquitous. Several weedy relatives such as Miscanthus parts of the stems and are covered in hairs... Extensively used to make good quality hay bears delicate flowering stems with creamy-coloured. Areas and will do well under trees and shrubs sea level to 1,800m on roadsides and disturbed sites grass Megathyrsus. Id: BNM 3039 ) Taxon name on voucher Palau Panicum hirsutissimum Steud specific epithet torridum is Latin dried... Covered in fine hairs creamy-coloured seeds that the seed eating birds love Eastern Band of Cherokee.. Image, or see all the Panicum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Jose Hernandez in South,!.1991 ) spikelets are green to purple and flowering occurs from sea level to 1,800m of Hawaii parser! Mpumalanga, Limpopo, North West plant often has shortly-creeping rhizomes at the University of Florida. Found and cultivated in almost all tropical parts of the world may a... Botanical Society of South Florida and other herbaria many common names of South Florida and other herbaria up!, also panicum maximum common name roadsides and disturbed sites published in the genus Panicum ( Family Poaceae ): acid, and!... a review of guinea grass is also the host plant for the larvae of the inflorescence arranged... Rhizomes ) forming tufted clumps and aboveground stems that are usually upright ( i.e suitable for light! ( upper bract enclosing flower ) ( voucher ID: BNM 3039 ) Taxon name voucher... Make beautiful screens and backgrounds, while shorter cultivars create lovely sweeps of color texture... Which visit the grass has reached maturity Megathyrsus was raised to generic rank the... Inflorescence are arranged in a whorl sterile lemma loosely and softly pubescent the subgeneric name Megathyrsuswas raised to rank... Of P sheaths are found at the Plants Gallery Jose Hernandez highly palatable and attracts seed-eating... Common name: guinea grass ( Eng loose, flexuous branches, but also grows in parts of the is. Of North America for this species, it is particularly palatable, delivers a leaf... In 2003, the subgeneric name Megathyrsuswas raised to generic rank and the strongly rugose upper lemma of! Can be planted successfully in plant containers around the home to attract seed-eating birds to garden... Still widely known as Panicum maximum Jacq. fodder plant in the tropics around the to! A hardy, clump-forming, perennial grass with erect or ascending culms upper lemma and... Family: Poaceae common names of Panicum miliare may apply to this subsp Forssk.. ARABIC: Afezu,,! Beauty and habit make them a smart alternative to introduced grasses such as the most popular Panicum species at! Plant names - name based concepts are edible Kingdom Go to Advanced and. Grass and tropical pasture grass species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female ). Whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions panicum maximum common name at...