Other Scholastic thinkers, including the Franciscan philosophers John Duns Scotus (1266–1308) and William of Ockham (c. 1285–1347/49) and the Spanish theologian Francisco Suárez (1548–1617), emphasized divine will instead of divine reason as the source of law. Aquinas thought eternal law to be that rational plan by which all creation is ordered, and natural law is the way that human beings participate in the eternal law. According to Aquinas’s theology, natural law is integral to divine providence. The Thomistic Institute . Aquinas’s philosophy of law has lasting importance for Western political thought because it harmonizes the Christian spiritual personality with the natural perfect community. Hence, man because God’s creation, has in the being a symptoms of the Timeless Law. The “perfect community” is an elastic formula with unpredictable potentialities. Natural Law Theory. Perhaps the most famous of natural law theorists is St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274). St. Thomas Aquinas was a medieval theologian, and many scholars consider him to be an important philosophical thinker. Natural law in the Enlightenment and the modern era. Although Aquinas developed his theory of law within the context of a Christian world-view, much of what he says remains relevant within modern sec­ular societies. Of course, this is not the place to adjudicate competing interpretations of Aquinas’s view. Critics of natural law theory say that it is doubtful, however, that the inherent nature of Homo sapiens establishes laws of behavior for human beings in the same way as it may establish laws of behavior for cats, lions, and polar bears. Natural Law. Human law is the interpretation of natural law in different contexts (ST II.I.95-97). Aquinas is often described as a natural law theorist. And in many ways the issues he raised continue yet to dominate the philosophy of law. What Aquinas seems to mean is that the several precepts of natural law are specifications of this precept, which is highly abstract). What is best for Aquinas is the fact which is natural in characteristics. This is what is known as the organic law: it really is human’s participation in Eternal Law, through reason and will (Magee 1). Aquinas's Legacy . Aquinas maintains that the first principle of practical reason is. While natural law is a significant aspect of his moral philosophy, it is a subject of considerable dispute and misunderstanding. If natural law is born of the Greeks, it comes of age with the Roman Catholic Church. St. Thomas Aquinas. 202-495-3826 | 487 Michigan Ave NE, Washington, DC 20017 | thomisticinstitute@dhs.edu a. identical to b. opposed to c. a participation of d. a generalization of. Aquinas maintains that the natural law is _____ the eternal law. Philosophy, it comes of age with the natural perfect community in ways... 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