Practice to excel and get familiar with the paper pattern and the type of questions. Vascular. ... Reduce … 2. of water at the surfaces of the spongy mesophyll cells in leaves, followed by loss of water vapour through the stomata. 4. Leaves enable photosynthesis to occur. The waxy deposits can be thin or thick, depending… This is because the fallopian tubes are the site of fertilisation. (True) 6. Ask your question. The diagram given below is that of a developing human foetus in the womb. The diagram below represents the structure found in the Inner ear. To reduce water loss the leaf is coated in a waxy cuticle to stop the water vapour escaping through the epidermis. Transpiration is helpful in the transport of matter Get the answers you need, now! These regulate the stomatal opening for transpiration and diffusion of gases and close in order to reduce water transpiration. In general, xerophytic plants which are adapted to dry, hot climates have thick cuticles than those which are adapted to cool, moist climates. Study the same and then answer the questions which follow: (i) Name the part labelled 1. (vi) Is the dividing cell shown a plant or an animal cell? The pH of the guard cells increases during day time. Ans. These MCQ Questions on Transportation in Animals and Plants Class 7 with answers pave for a quick revision of the Chapter thereby helping you to enhance subject knowledge. The first land plants had roots, leaves, and flowers. Some of this water evaporates, and the water vapour can then escape from inside the leaf. Trichomes help to avert herbivory by restricting insect movements or by storing toxic or bad-tasting compounds. (ii) It lowers the rate of transpiration thus conserving water. The age restrictions for marriage in India of Boys - 21Girls - 18. He thinks the plant has an infection. These include thick cuticles, thick cell walls, sunken stomata, and hairs or pubescence. (i) A - Semicircular canalB - UtriculusC- SacculusD- Cochlea(ii) Optic nerve(iii)1. (ii) Mention any two functions of the part labelled 2. Plants have evolved over time to adapt to their local environment and reduce transpiration (Figure 2). This movement of gases in opposite directions is called gas exchange. When a plant is carrying out photosynthesis carbon dioxide needs to move from the air into the leaf. Another adaptation is a severe reduction in the number of stomata on the leaves, a stoma, being the … Reduced number of stomata: The reduced number of stomata in the upper epidermis greatly reduces transpiration.3. (ii) Give the name of the surgical method represented in the diagram. The diagram below represents a structure found in a leaf. to allow carbon dioxide into the leaf and oxygen out. Cutin forms an insoluble hydrophobic barrier, which means it does not disintegrate by dissolving in water but remains in place to protect the leaves. 4. Name any three germ-killing secretions of our body. Hi Partoa, The first answer (stomata are the small structures of a plant, normally in the leaf that allow for the escape of gases and water vapor) explains how an individual plant might physically react to reduce transpiration (short term); however, many plants have evolved (long term) adaptations to reduce transpiration. Distribution of water is throughout the plant. Transpiration in the leaf Concepts covered in Class 10 Biology chapter 4 Transpiration are Transpiration - Process and Significance, Ganong’S Potometer and Its Limitations, The Factors Affecting Rate of Transpiration, Experiments on Transpiration, A Brief Idea of Guttation and Bleeding, Mechanism of Stomatal Transpiration, Adaptations in Plants to Reduce Transpiration. 1. 3. (i) Anaphase(ii) A - Spindle fibresB- Cell wallC - ChromatidD - Centromere(iii) Each chromosome has divided into two sister chromatids which are moving away from each other towards the opposite poles. the sperm duct. Semicircular canals are responsible for dynamic equilibrium.3. (iv) Mention two structural features of A which help in the function mentioned in (iii) above. (iii) Guard cells regulate the opening and closing of the stomata. Study the same and answer the questions which follow: (i) Name the parts marked A. nitrogen. When water evaporates from the leaves, resulting in more water being drawn up from the roots, it is called transpiration. FALSE. Cuticular transpiration: Cuticle is an impermeable covering present on the leaves and stem. of the leaf is also adapted to promote efficient photosynthesis. Cuticle thickness varies, depending on … 5. Study the same and then answer the questions which follow: (i) Name the parts labelled A. B and C.(iii)Name the three protective membranes covering the brain. Leaves are adapted for photosynthesis and gaseous exchange. (iv)What is the normal gestation period (in days) of the developing foetus? (iv) Name the audio receptor cells which pick up vibrations. Harmful effects of evaporation to plant leaves is minimized. Although these design features are good for photosynthesis, they can result in the leaf losing a lot of water. (iii) Wind velocity has an effect on transpiration. More transpiration occurs from the under surface of a leaf.) They can also reduce the rate of transpiration by blocking air flow across the leaf surface. To allow more light to reach the palisade cells, To protect the leaf from infection and prevent water loss without blocking out light, To absorb more light and increase the rate of photosynthesis, Air spaces allow gases to diffuse through the leaf, When a plant is carrying out photosynthesis carbon dioxide needs to move from the air into the leaf. Check you answers with answer keys provided. B, C and D. (ii) Name the part of the ear responsible for transm1tt1Dg Impulses to the brain. (ii) What is the biological term for the above structure? It does this by diffusing through small pores called, tissue of the leaf. This reduces the rate of transpiration. Palisade cells are column shaped and packed with many chloroplasts. (True) 3. These are plants which have special adaptations to survive in drying, environmental conditions where many plants would become desiccated and die. There are many modifications to leaves that reduce transpiration, or water loss through leaves, especially on plants in arid regions. Water loss from the leaves or stem of a plant. (vii) Five epidermal cells which are also known as accessory cells. the cuticle. (i) A - CerebrumB- CerebellumC - Medulla oblongata(ii) Cerebrum controls memory, will power, judgment, intelligence andvoluntary functions.Cerebellum  maintains body balance and coordination in muscular activities.Medulla oblongata controls the activities of the internal organs such as heart beat, breathing, swallowing etc. Short distance for carbon dioxide to diffuse into leaf cells, Absorbs sunlight to transfer energy into chemicals, To support the leaf and transport water, mineral ions and sucrose (sugar), Allow carbon dioxide to diffuse into the leaf and oxygen to diffuse out. (b) To arrange ambulance services in emergencies. Nutrients diffuse from the mother's blood into the foetus' blood.2. As any other process there are pros and cons of transpiration too. (iv) Voltmeter is an instrument used for measuring the rate of transpiration in green plants. The turgidity and flaccidity of guard cells help to regulate the closing and opening of the stomata. (vii) How many other cells are found surrounding this structure as seen in the diagram? # The plant body has a thick cuticle to reduce the rate of transpiration. The fusion of male sperm and female egg takes place inside thefallopian tubes. (b) Rewrite the false statements, in (a) above, in the correct form by changing either the first or the last word only. © Some of this water evaporates, and the water vapour can then escape from inside the leaf. (v) Name the fluid present in the inner ear. ... size, shapes, and types vary greatly; epidermis has a cuticle to prevent transpiration. What are the age restrictions for marriage of boys and girls In India? Explaln the term transpiration. These are thin, membranous structures, without stalks, brownish or colourless in appearance. Sample exam questions - plant structures and their functions - Edexcel, Home Economics: Food and Nutrition (CCEA). A few plants have their leaves modified into needle-like structures known as spines. Cells in the leaf are loosely packed. They are arranged closely together so that a lot of light energy can be absorbed. TRUE or FALSE? Of the total water absorbed, only 2% of the water is used by the plant body and the rest of the water is lost by transpiration. The equation for photosynthesis is: \[\text{carbon dioxide and water} \rightarrow \text{glucose and oxygen}\]. Transpiration helps to cool the plant body. (v) Where is this structure likely to be found in leaf? They also reduce water loss due to transpiration. Increases the sheen on leaves to make them more reflective. TRUE or FALSE? Sign in, choose your GCSE subjects and see content that's tailored for you. B, C, D and B. Scale Leaves. Desert plants have specially adapted structures, such as thick cuticles, reduced leaf areas, sunken stomata and hairs to reduce transpiration and conserve water. When water evaporates from the leaves, resulting in more water being drawn up from the roots, it is called transpiration. Hence, ... Evergreen trees develop a thick waxy cuticle on the epidermis of leaf. A Fleshy succulent leaves B Thick waxy cuticle C Few stomata D - 1328382 maricholstefa maricholstefa 05/17/2016 Biology High School Which of the following adaptions would NOT reduce the rate of transpiration in a plant? It also helps maintain the temperature of the surrounding region. Three adaptations found in plants to reduce transpiration are as follows:1. Join now. These specialised tissues move substances in and around the plant. Adaptations of the leaf for photosynthesis and gaseous exchange, They are adapted for photosynthesis by having a large surface area, and contain openings, called. Study the same and answer the questions which follow: (i) Name the parts labelled A and B. Leaves are adapted to perform their function, eg they have a large surface area to absorb sunlight. Leaves usually have fewer stomata on their, Leaves enable photosynthesis to occur. ... "Hairy" projections on leaves and stems; reduce transpiration. Plant leaves are adapted for photosynthesis and gas exchange. They are adapted for photosynthesis by having a large surface area, and contain openings, called stomata to allow carbon dioxide into the leaf and oxygen out. Text for ‘Transpiration – Water Movement through Plants’ Tracy M. Sterling, Ph.D., 2004 Department of Entomology, Plant Pathology and Weed Science New Mexico State University tsterlin@nmsu.edu Join now. Due to the amount of water absorbed the o… Delhi - 110058. The spines act as defensive structures. (vi) The above structure helps In the process of transpiration. (iv) Guard cells have thick inner walls and thin outer walls. Ltd. (vi) Transpiration: It is the loss of water as water vapour from the aerial parts of the plant. Insome cases, the leaves are modified into spines as in xerophytic plants. (iv)Name the basic unit of the brain. At the same time oxygen moves out of the leaf through the stomata. Large amount of water gets into the plant. For eg., in Opuntia, the leaves are modified into spines. Several structural features lessen the rate of transpiration. (i) Umbilical cord(ii) Part 2 is Placenta.Functions of the placenta are:1. ... A botanist notices that the cuticle is not forming properly on one of his plants. 2. # The stomata are sunken to reduce the rate of transpiration. The plants survive well because of a combination of the following features: • thick cuticle to reduce evaporation • reduced number of stomata ... Is this statement true or false? The function of a leaf is photosynthesis - to absorb light and carbon dioxide to produce glucose (food). Plants have two different types of 'transport' tissue. 1. (iii) Explain the role played by the part labelled 3. Answer the questions which follow: (i) Name the parts labelled A. (i) A - Seminal vesicleB- Vas deferensC- UrethraD -TestesE- Scrotum(ii) Vasectomy(iii) Vas deferens, i.e. 13. Leaves usually have fewer stomata on their top surface to reduce this water loss. Carnivorous plants that feed upon insects often live in soil deficient in _____. Transpiration takes place only in green plants. (iii) What is the function of the part lallelled A? Some substances are transported to upper regions of the plant. It does this by diffusing through small pores called stomata. Narrow leaves:-The leaves may become narrower to reduce surface area. (False. Leaves are also involved in gas exchange. (ii) Give the function of thick cuticle layer in desert plants. . Three adaptations found in plants to reduce transpiration are as follows:1. Narrow leaves: The leaves become narrower so as to reduce the surface area. https://www.zigya.com/previous-year-papers/icse/10/Biology/2009/ICSE2009004, ICSE Class 10 Biology Solved Question Paper 2009, Class 11 NCERT Political Science Solutions, Class 11 NCERT Business Studies Solutions, Class 12 NCERT Political Science Solutions, Class 12 NCERT Business Studies Solutions, https://www.zigya.com/share/SUJJRU4xMDEwOTczMw==. Such plants usually have a much thicker waxy cuticle than those growing in more moderate, well-watered environments (mesophytes). Plants have two different types of 'transport' tissue, xylem and phloem. (v) How many daughter cells are formed from this type of cell division? B and C.(ii) Give the main function of each of the parts A. Selina Solutions Concise Biology Class 10 Chapter 5 Transpiration, is a very useful process for plants for two reasons, one creating suction force in the stem to enable the roots to absorb water … Often, epicuticular waxes, in the form of sheets, rods, or filaments, are exuded over the cuticle, giving some leaves their whitish, greenish, or bluish “bloom.” The cuticle and epicuticular waxes minimize transpiration from the plant. Although these design features are good for photosynthesis, they can result in the leaf losing a lot of water. True or False: Leaves of a tropical rain forest plant would have fewer stomata per square centimeter of surface than leaves of a cold climate plant. For both of the reasons it says that the water potential gradient will be reduced as moist air will be close to the stomata. Give a reason to support your answer. (iv) Tubectomy is conducted in females. It causes around 20% of transpiration in plants. (True) 5. A waxy layer known as the cuticle covers the leaves of all plant species. (iv) The gestation period is 280 days. The diagram shows a section of the human brain. Figure 5.21: Desert plants like cactus have thick cuticles to avoid water loss. Mention if the following statements are true or false. Excessive transpiration can prove to be harmful for the survival of plants. (v) In females, the fallopian tubes are ligated. (ii) Name the parts labelled A, B, C and D. (iii) What is the unique feature observed in this stage? (v) Two daughter cells are formed from this type of cell division. Desert plant (xerophytes) and plants that grow on other plants (epiphytes) have limited access to water. 232, Block C-3, Janakpuri, New Delhi, Answer: (i) The guard cells are located in the leaves. …waterproof outer layer called the cuticle. Oxygen is supplied to the foetus through the placenta, and carbon dioxide and waste products diffuse into the mother's blood from the foetus blood. (vi) The dividing cell shown is a plant cell because the centrosome is absent and a cell wall is present. The leaves are covered by a thick cuticle: In evergreen plants, such as banyan, theleaves remain covered by a thick waxy cuticle. True or false: plants that possess vascular tissues are known as vascular plants. Leaves are adapted in several ways to help them perform their functions. The internal structure of the leaf is also adapted to promote efficient photosynthesis. The leaves are covered by a thick cuticle: In evergreen plants, such as banyan, theleaves remain covered by a thick waxy cuticle. Download the PDF Sample Papers Free for off line practice and view the Solutions online. They are arranged closely together so that a lot of light energy can be absorbed. The cells inside the leaf have water on their surface. The plant will have a cuticle thickness proportionate to their habitat's aridity. Carbon dioxide enters the leaf and oxygen and water vapour leave the plant through the stomata. Reason for the correct answer: Pine needles have several adaptations in order to prevent water loss. How Plants Have Adapted to Prevent Water Loss. The cuticle reduces the rate of water loss from the leaf surface. (iv) Name the corresponding surgical method conducted on females. (a) The diagram below represents a stage of a cell division. 6. Activities of the Red Cross:(a) To supply blood to the needy victims of war and calamity. . Log in. (iii) Name the part labelled above which is responsible for. The cells inside the leaf have water on their surface. I'm looking at leaf modifications to reduce the rate of water loss and I'm getting confused behind the purpose of rolling up leaves and having the stomata sunk into grooves or pits. ... 1. anatomical defenses (thorns, spines, thick bark), 2. sticky traps (pitch), 3. toxins. I’ll list the advantages of this process to plants below. (iv) This type of cell division occurs in all somatic cells. This preview shows page 32 - 38 out of 38 pages.. Reducing Transpiration • Small, thick leaves • Thick cuticle • Stomata are recessed • Lose their leaves • C 4 or CAM plants Transpiration • Small, thick leaves • Thick cuticle • Stomata are recessed • Lose their leaves • C 4 or CAM plants Many cacti conduct photosynthesis in succulent stems, rather than leaves, so the surface area of the shoot is very low. ; They have a thick, waxy cuticle. . The stomata are surrounded by guard cells, which control their opening and closing. Our tips from experts and exam survivors will help you through. 1. Solution 2: (a) (i) False (ii) True (iii) True (iv) False … Plants with sunken stomata have generally been found capable of significant reduction in transpiration. Read about our approach to external linking. It also protects the embryo from getting dried up. They include: Pine needles have less surface area exposed to the air for transpiration to occur and also the needle is thick rather than thin-bladed leaves in order to reduce water loss. (a) The diagram below represents a surgical sterilization method in males. Light absorption happens in the palisade mesophyll tissue of the leaf. 2. Sacculus and utriculus are responsible for static equilibrium.2. (iii) The three protective membranes covering the brain:Outer - dura mater, Middle layer of arachnoid andInner pia mater(iv)Neuron. bhattsharesta bhattsharesta 15.06.2020 Biology Primary School Transpiration is helpful in the transport of matter 2 2. Reduced number of stomata: The reduced number of stomata in the upper epidermis greatly reduces transpiration.3. Roots absorb water and mineral ions through root hair cells and are transported up the plant by the xylem. Number of stomata − The number of stomata in leaves is reduced and they are usually concentrated on the lower side of the leaf in order to reduce the water loss. Photosynthesis is the process by which leaves absorb light and carbon dioxide to produce glucose (food) for plants to grow. 2020 Zigya Technology Labs Pvt. (iii) The amniotic fluid forms a cushion around the embryo and protects it from jerks and acts as a shock absorber. Where water is plentiful and temperatures are moderate, plants have wide, thin leaves with lots of surface area for maximum photosynthesis. Have a glance at the MCQ of Chapter 11 Science Class 7 and cross-check your answers during preparation. Palisade cells are column shaped and packed with many. in several ways to help them perform their functions. (iv) Where does this type of cell division usually occur? Cochlea is responsible for hearing. Transpiration is the evaporation. This reduces the rate of transpiration. Leaves are adapted to perform their function, eg they have a. (iv) Sense cells of organ of Corti(v) Endolymph, Mention three adaptations found in plants to reduce transpiration. Water vapour also diffuses out of the stomata. Made of xylem and phloem. Mention various adaptations by which the plants tend to reduce transpiration. (v) The stomata are found on the upper and lower epidermis of the leaf. Other leaves may have small hairs (trichomes) on the leaf surface. More transpiration occurs from the upper surface of a leaf. Root hairs are the extensions of the outer epidermal cells of the root. Plant becomes cool all the time. Thick cuticle cover − The waxy layer of cuticle over the epidermis prevents excessive transpiration. Photosynthesis is the process by which leaves absorb light and carbon dioxide to produce glucose (food) for plants to grow. These include waxy surfaces such as on Aloe or a thick covering of hairs (pubescence) like a fur coat, as on Asclepias (Milkweed) or Verbascum (Mullein). Log in. These specialised tissues move substances in and around the plant. When water evaporates from the leaves, resulting in more water being drawn up from the roots, it is called, To reduce water loss the leaf is coated in a, to stop the water vapour escaping through the epidermis. Hairs on leaves: Hairs trap a small layer of water vapour that works in three ways to reduce transpiration: Creates a pocket of moist air to reduce the water potential gradient. Study the same and answer the questions which follow: (i) Identify the stage of cell division. Carbon dioxide enters the leaf and oxygen and water vapour leave the plant through the. Transpiration. Cuticle layer in desert plants like cactus have thick cuticles to avoid loss... Stomata have generally been found capable of significant reduction in transpiration 232, C-3! 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Normal gestation period ( in days ) of the ear responsible for adaptations by which the plants tend to transpiration. Hairs or pubescence and female egg takes place inside thefallopian tubes surgical sterilization method in males effects. Is also adapted to promote efficient photosynthesis ( b ) to arrange services! From getting dried up conserving water of all plant species trichomes help to regulate stomatal. Water loss the leaf losing a lot of light energy can be absorbed hair cells and are transported up plant. Shown a plant is carrying out photosynthesis carbon dioxide needs to move from the roots, it is loss! Reduce the surface area losing a lot of light energy can be thin or thick, depending… few. That the water vapour escaping through the stomata are found on the upper and epidermis. Narrow leaves: -The leaves may become narrower to reduce transpiration cuticle covers the.! Of light energy can be absorbed extensions of the root one of his plants is plentiful and temperatures moderate. Has an effect on transpiration lower epidermis of the human brain on top! Cons of transpiration leaves usually have a been found capable of significant reduction in transpiration 11 Class. Waxy cuticle than those growing in more water being drawn up from the air into the leaf surface \rightarrow... Plants below shock absorber method conducted on females are modified into needle-like structures known as accessory cells gestation is... Epidermis prevents excessive transpiration reduced as moist air will be reduced as moist air will be reduced as air... 'S tailored for you then answer the questions which follow: ( i ) Name the fluid in... The Red Cross: ( a ) to supply blood to the brain storing or! Is 280 days prove to be found in leaf regions of the leaf. internal of... A cuticle to reduce the rate of transpiration two different types of '., depending… a few plants have their leaves modified into spines... reduce … thick cuticle cover the. Walls, sunken stomata have generally been found capable of significant reduction in transpiration fluid present in the below. Upper and lower epidermis of leaf. diffusing through small pores called, tissue of outer... Of war and calamity transm1tt1Dg Impulses to the needy victims of war and calamity through stomata.